Linux下Apache与Tomcat整合的简单方法

1、准备,下载需要的文件。
这里假定你已经正确安装配置好了JDK。
到Apache官方网站下载所需要的文件:
httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz
apache-tomcat-5.5.12.tar.gz
jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.15-src.tar.gz

其中httpd和jakarta-tomcat-connectors为源码包,apache-tomcat为二进制包。

2、安装Apache
# tar xzvf httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz
# cd httpd-2.2.0
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --enable-so
# make
# make install


3、安装Tomcat

# cp apache-tomcat-5.5.12.tar.gz /usr/local/
# cd /usr/local
# tar xzvf apache-tomcat-5.5.12.tar.gz
# ln -s apache-tomcat-5.5.12 tomcat

4、编译生成mod_jk
# tar xzvf jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.15-src.tar.gz
# cd jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.15-src/jk/native
# ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs
# make
# cp ./apache-2.0/mod_jk.so /usr/local/apache2/modules/

5、配置
在/usr/local/apache2/conf/下面建立两个配置文件mod_jk.conf和workers.properties。

# vi mod_jk.conf
添加以下内容:
# 指出mod_jk模块工作所需要的工作文件workers.properties的位置
JkWorkersFile /usr/local/apache2/conf/workers.properties
# Where to put jk logs
JkLogFile /usr/local/apache2/logs/mod_jk.log
# Set the jk log level [debug/error/info]
JkLogLevel info
# Select the log format
JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y]"
# JkOptions indicate to send SSL KEY SIZE,
JkOptions +ForwardKeySize +ForwardURICompat -ForwardDirectories
# JkRequestLogFormat set the request format
JkRequestLogFormat "%w %V %T"
# 将所有servlet 和jsp请求通过ajp13的协议送给Tomcat,让Tomcat来处理
JkMount /servlet/* worker1
JkMount /*.jsp worker1

# vi workers.properties
添加以下内容:
# Defining a worker named worker1 and of type ajp13
worker.list=worker1
# Set properties for worker1
worker.worker1.type=ajp13
worker.worker1.host=localhost
worker.worker1.port=8009
worker.worker1.lbfactor=50
worker.worker1.cachesize=10
worker.worker1.cache_timeout=600
worker.worker1.socket_keepalive=1
worker.worker1.socket_timeout=300

再配置httpd.conf,作以下修改:
将Listen 80 修改为 Listen 127.0.0.1:80
将ServerName 修改为 ServerName LocalHost:80
在DirectoryIndex中添加 index.jsp
我的网页放在/var/wwwroot下,所以要修改DocumentRoot

DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot"  
<Directory "/var/wwwroot"> 
    Options Includes FollowSymLinks  
    AllowOverride None  
    Order deny,allow  
    Allow from all  
    XBitHack on  
</Directory> 
<Directory "/var/wwwroot/WEB-INF">       
    Order deny,allow  
    Deny from all  
</Directory> 

增加关于加载mod_jk的语句:
LoadModule jk_module modules/mod_jk.so
Include /usr/local/apache2/conf/mod_jk.conf

最后编辑Tomcat的配置文件server.xml,在HOST段中加入:

<Context path="" docBase="/var/wwwroot" debug="0" reloadable="true" crossContext="true"/> 

在/var/wwwroot下建立一个index.jsp,启动Apache和Tomcat,用浏览器访问http://localhost/,应该可以看到正确的页面了。

发表评论