标签归档:Session Replication

Setting up Tomcat Cluster for Session Replication

If you have your web application running on one tomcat instance and want to add another tomcat instance (ideally on a different machine), following steps will guide you.

Step 1: Independently deploy your web application (WAR file) on each instance and make sure they can work independently.

Step 2: Stop tomcat

Step 3: Update the <Cluster> element under the <Engine> element in the Server.xml file (under the conf dir in tomcat installation dir) on both your servers with:

<Engine name="<meaningful_unique_name>" defaultHost="localhost">      
     <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"
              channelSendOptions="8">
          <Manager className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.DeltaManager"
                   expireSessionsOnShutdown="false"
                   notifyListenersOnReplication="true"/>
          <Channel className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.GroupChannel">
               <Membership className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.McastService"
                           address="228.0.0.4"
                           port="45564"
                           frequency="500"
                           dropTime="3000"/>
               <Receiver className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.NioReceiver"
                         address="auto"
                         port="4000"
                         autoBind="100"
                         selectorTimeout="5000"
                         maxThreads="6"/>
               <Sender className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.ReplicationTransmitter">
                   <Transport className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.PooledParallelSender"/>
               </Sender>
               <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpFailureDetector"/>
               <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatch15Interceptor"/>
          </Channel>
          <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.ReplicationValve"
                 filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;.*\.jpg;.*\.png;.*\.css;.*\.txt;"/>
          <ClusterListener className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.ClusterSessionListener"/>
     </Cluster>
     ...
</Engine>

For more details on these parameters, check https://sec1.woopra.com/docs/cluster-howto.html 继续阅读